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  • Hiram Bingham
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  • Hiram Bingham IV (1903-1988) served as a U.S. diplomat in France during World War II. He is remembered for saving the lives of thousands of refugees during the war through his principled opposition to U.S. policy. A U.S. postage stamp commemorates his contributions. Born to a prominent Connecticut family, Bingham's father was an archaeologist who inspired the Indiana Jones movie character. Henry Bingham IV graduated from Yale in 1925 and studied international law at Harvard. After he entered the Foreign Service in 1929, his postings included China, Poland and England.
  • Hiram Bingham III was an American academic, explorer and treasure hunter. As a lecturer at Yale University, he discovered the ruins of Machu Picchu in Peru in 1911, and his discovery was widely publicized. In 1912, he returned for more exploration with sponsorship from Yale and the National Geographic Society. By February 1916, Indiana Jones had read National Geographic magazine articles on his expeditions to Machu Picchu, and was able to provide some insight to Edward Stratemeyer about how to resolve a plot situation in his then current Tom Swift manuscript.
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Character Name
  • Hiram Bingham
Profession
  • *Explorer *Politician
Gender
  • Male
Death
  • 1956-06-06
Birth
  • 1875-11-19
abstract
  • Hiram Bingham IV (1903-1988) served as a U.S. diplomat in France during World War II. He is remembered for saving the lives of thousands of refugees during the war through his principled opposition to U.S. policy. A U.S. postage stamp commemorates his contributions. Born to a prominent Connecticut family, Bingham's father was an archaeologist who inspired the Indiana Jones movie character. Henry Bingham IV graduated from Yale in 1925 and studied international law at Harvard. After he entered the Foreign Service in 1929, his postings included China, Poland and England. During the late 1930s, Bingham was named vice consul in Marseilles, France, where he was in charge of issuing visas. In 1940 and 1941, against the official policies of the United States, he issued visas and false passports to Jews and other refugees, assisting in their escape and sometimes sheltering them in his own home. He also worked with American journalist/hero Varian Fry to save refugees, and is credited with saving more than 2,000 people from the Nazis. He is also credited with saving such famous figures as artist Marc Chagall, Nobel-winning biochemist Otto Meyerhoff, and historian Hannah Arendt, before being transferred to Portugal and then to Argentina. In 1941, his unhappy superiors transfered him to Argentina, where he again disobeyed government officials by monitoring and reporting on Nazi war criminals. He was ultimately removed from diplomatic service, and he died a destitute man in 1988. Since the posthumous discovery of his humanitarian activities during the 1980s and 1990s, Bingham has been recognized by the United Nations, and in June 2002 he was honored by the American Foreign Service Association with a special award for "constructive dissent".
  • Hiram Bingham III was an American academic, explorer and treasure hunter. As a lecturer at Yale University, he discovered the ruins of Machu Picchu in Peru in 1911, and his discovery was widely publicized. In 1912, he returned for more exploration with sponsorship from Yale and the National Geographic Society. By February 1916, Indiana Jones had read National Geographic magazine articles on his expeditions to Machu Picchu, and was able to provide some insight to Edward Stratemeyer about how to resolve a plot situation in his then current Tom Swift manuscript. During World War I, Bingham served as a military aviation instructor. After the war, he was elected lieutenant governor and later governor of Connecticut, but only served one day as governor as he had also been elected as a replacement to the Senate, where he served from 1924 to 1933.