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  • Hypospray
  • Hypospray
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  • A hypospray was a medical instrument that was used to inject any liquid into an individual's body.
  • A hypospray (colloquially, hypo) was a medical device used to inject liquids into the body. The system used a noninvasive transport mechanism of compressed air to transfer the injectant from the device into the subdermal layer below the skin of the body, or artery. This was done without the use of a needle, ensuring that the skin was not punctured during use, thus reducing the risk of infection or pain at the site of injection. Various drugs could be used, inserted into the hypo in vials attached to the end of the instrument.
  • Ein Hypospray ist ein Injektionsgerät, das Medikamente mit Hochdruck durch die Haut in den Blutkreislauf bringt. Der Vorteil gegenüber einer Injektion mit einer Nadel, wie es früher Standard gewesen ist, ist, dass keine Kanüle ausgewechselt werden muss, auch wenn mehrere Patienten mit demselben Gerät ein Medikament verabreicht bekommen. Ein ähnliches Verfahren gibt es auch schon im 20. Jahrhundert, es wird zum Beispiel bei Massenimpfungen angewendet. Trotzdem werden Injektionsnadeln mindestens bis ins 22. Jahrhundert hinein verwendet, vor allem, wenn tiefere Regionen des menschlichen Organismus, zum Beispiel innere Organe mit einer Injektion erreicht werden müssen. (ENT: , )
  • By the 2260s the standard Starfleet hypospray was designed to accept a swappable vial of medicine. Field hyposprays were pre-loaded with an inert saline solution that could carry any of five selected concentrated emergency medication. (TNG reference: Star Trek: The Next Generation Technical Manual) In the early 23rd century the standard Starfleet hypospray held one ampule which held ten doses of a single drug. By the 24th century this capacity was increased to five ampules each holding ten doses. (Decipher RPG module: Player's Guide) Hyposprays have appeared in every Star Trek series thus far.
  • The 24th Century hypospray is descended from a primitive medical device called a hypodermic syringe. Both devices are used to inject fluid into a living body, but whereas the syringe accomplishes this through a fine, hollow needle, the hypospray accomplishes this through a high-pressure, microscopic, aero-suspension stream that can penetrate both cloth and epidermis. By the 24th Century, this procedure is painless; when it was first experimented with in the late 1970's, it was more painful than a small needle. Tens of thousands of children were immunized against some disease or other, using a primitive high-pressure hypospray device, that left a severe ache for about an hour afterward, and a star-shaped scar permanently on the skin.
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abstract
  • A hypospray (colloquially, hypo) was a medical device used to inject liquids into the body. The system used a noninvasive transport mechanism of compressed air to transfer the injectant from the device into the subdermal layer below the skin of the body, or artery. This was done without the use of a needle, ensuring that the skin was not punctured during use, thus reducing the risk of infection or pain at the site of injection. Various drugs could be used, inserted into the hypo in vials attached to the end of the instrument. In September 2152, Doctor Phlox administered a hypospray to Lieutenant Reed who suffered from symptoms of gastrointestinal distress. (ENT: "The Catwalk") The 23rd century Federation hypospray resembled the intravenous needles of previous centuries, while the 24th century version of the device was more compact, employing an angled head and rounded tip to transfer the drug more easily. Controls at the injection head set the dosage to be injected. (TOS: "Amok Time" ; TNG: "Haven" ) The typical injection site used is the side of the neck, to the carotid artery, but the hypospray can inject even through clothing. Unlike hypodermic needles, the hypospray can be used on multiple patients without worries of spreading blood-borne illnesses. (TNG: "Angel One" ; Star Trek: First Contact; VOY: "Parturition", "Endgame") A hypospray can also be used to collect air samples in order to test it or condense air and store it for later use. (VOY: "Parturition"; TNG: "Genesis" )
  • By the 2260s the standard Starfleet hypospray was designed to accept a swappable vial of medicine. Field hyposprays were pre-loaded with an inert saline solution that could carry any of five selected concentrated emergency medication. (TNG reference: Star Trek: The Next Generation Technical Manual) In the early 23rd century the standard Starfleet hypospray held one ampule which held ten doses of a single drug. By the 24th century this capacity was increased to five ampules each holding ten doses. (Decipher RPG module: Player's Guide) In 2259 of the alternate reality created by Nero, Spock injected the Gorn commander with a hypospray full of the antidote to the Gorn virus, resulting in his death just as he, Kirk and T'Mar beamed away from the Gorn mothership. (TOS video game: Star Trek) Hyposprays have appeared in every Star Trek series thus far.
  • Ein Hypospray ist ein Injektionsgerät, das Medikamente mit Hochdruck durch die Haut in den Blutkreislauf bringt. Der Vorteil gegenüber einer Injektion mit einer Nadel, wie es früher Standard gewesen ist, ist, dass keine Kanüle ausgewechselt werden muss, auch wenn mehrere Patienten mit demselben Gerät ein Medikament verabreicht bekommen. Ein ähnliches Verfahren gibt es auch schon im 20. Jahrhundert, es wird zum Beispiel bei Massenimpfungen angewendet. Trotzdem werden Injektionsnadeln mindestens bis ins 22. Jahrhundert hinein verwendet, vor allem, wenn tiefere Regionen des menschlichen Organismus, zum Beispiel innere Organe mit einer Injektion erreicht werden müssen. (ENT: , ) 2371 meint der Doktor zu Kes, als diese ihn auf das Verhalten Walter Baxters ihm gegenüber anspricht, dass er sich daran gewöhnt habe, wie ein Hypospray behandelt zu werden. (VOY: ) Mit einem Hypospray kann man Medikamente auch durch dicke Kleidung hindurch verabreichen. (Star Trek: Der erste Kontakt) Man kann ein Hypospray so vorbereiten, dass man mehrere Patienten behandeln kann, ohne das Hypospray neu befüllen zu müssen. (Star Trek: Der erste Kontakt) Es ist außerdem möglich mit einem Hypospray Blut aus dem Blutkreislauf zu entfernen. (DS9: ) 2372 jongliert Fähnrich Pablo Baytart in der Sendung Briefing mit Neelix, welche an Bord der USS Voyager ausgestrahlt wird, mit PADDs, Hyposprays und Phasern. (VOY: ) 2374 übt der Doktor mit Seven of Nine verschiedene Dialoge, um dieser diverse Höflichkeitsfloskeln beizubringen. In einem dieser Dialoge übernimmt der Doktor die Rolle der Krankenschwester und Seven die des Arztes. Dann rezitiert Seven den Dialog und lässt sich ein Hypospray reichen. (VOY: )
  • A hypospray was a medical instrument that was used to inject any liquid into an individual's body.
  • The 24th Century hypospray is descended from a primitive medical device called a hypodermic syringe. Both devices are used to inject fluid into a living body, but whereas the syringe accomplishes this through a fine, hollow needle, the hypospray accomplishes this through a high-pressure, microscopic, aero-suspension stream that can penetrate both cloth and epidermis. By the 24th Century, this procedure is painless; when it was first experimented with in the late 1970's, it was more painful than a small needle. Tens of thousands of children were immunized against some disease or other, using a primitive high-pressure hypospray device, that left a severe ache for about an hour afterward, and a star-shaped scar permanently on the skin. A hypospray can be adjusted for a wider distribution pattern that yields a high absorption rate, but then it cannot be injected deep under the skin. The hypospray delivers small amounts of medication from a transparent ampule, which contains a reservoir of the medicine. These small transparent ampules are inserted into the bottom of the hypospray. Usually, the hypospray is pressed to the carotid artery in the neck, where it's contents are injected with the press of a button. A Field Hypospray included in Away Team medkits are intended for emergencies outside of a sickbay, or when basic resources are not available. These field hypos are capable of holding 5 different medication ampules at the same time, and can be selected by the buttons on the hypo's head; hitting the inject button then adds some concentrated medication to standard saline solution, and injects it into the patient.
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